Yemelyan Yaroslavsky (Minei Gubelman) giving a speech, 1926. Photo by Arkady Shaikhet.
Yemelyan Mikhailovich Yaroslavsky (Russian: Емельян Михайлович Ярославский, born Minei Israilevich Gubelman, Мине́й Изра́илевич Губельма́н; March 3, 1878 – December 4, 1943) was a Russian revolutionary, Soviet politician, communist party organizer and activist, journalist, and historian. He was an atheist and anti-religious activist; among his most important journalistic propaganda activities, he was editor or the atheist satirical journal Bezbozhnik (“The Godless” or “The Atheist”). He led the League of the Militant Godless, and also headed the Anti-Religious Committee of the Central Committee.
Yaroslavsky was born into a Jewish famity as Minei Israilevich Gubelman in Chita, Zabaykalsky Krai on March 3, 1878.